The Institute for the Blind and Partially Sighted (IBOS) is the national competence- and rehabilitation centre in Denmark for young and adults with visual impairment.
IBOS offers counselling, unravelling, individually arranged rehabilitation, training, education, sheltered workshops and residence for partially sighted or blind citizens.
In addition to this IBOS offers a great number of training and courses for professionals who work with visually disabled citizens.
The IBOS E-service helps blind and partially sighted to retain their job, or become a part of the labour market.
The IBOS study guidance helps not only pupils and students to complete an education but also helps teachers, UU-councillors, and others to give support to blind and partially sighted.
IBOS is collaborating with the Ministry of Children and Education about the distribution of SPS-packages to blind and partially sighted students (SPS = Special educational support, in Danish Specialpædagogisk Støtte.)
In addition to that IBOS has an STU (Special Arranged Youth Education) for blind and partially sighted youth.
IBOS is collaborating and shares offices with the Kennedy Centre’s National Eye Clinic (previously Statens Øjenklinik)
At the IBOS’ Exhibition of assistive aids (Hjælpemiddeludstilling) everyone can see, try out, and get advice about all different kinds of aids for blind and partially sighted.
As a national centre IBOS has a responsibility to develop, document and communicate the latest knowledge at the low vision area.
Therefore, IBOS participates in both international and national professional communities and projects, just as IBOS holds conferences, lectures and courses for professionals, both individual and thematic, including courses for caseworkers, nursing- and health care professionals aid instructors etc.
HISTORY OF IBOS
The first institute for the blind in Denmark was set up as a private institution on Østerbro in Copenhagen in 1811.
In 1858, the Danish state assumed the operation of "The Royal Institute for the Blind".
From the beginning, the institute for the blind was a total-institution, which included all necessary functions in order for people to live, study and work there – education, workshops for training of workmen, practice rooms for musicians, kitchen, dormitories, living rooms, gymnasium, library, braille printing office, administration, linen section, and residences for the staff.
During the 20th century, the demand for newer and better facilities grew. At the same time, it was impossible to renovate the old preserved building, and therefore a brand new institute was build on Rymarksvej in Hellerup, which was ready for taking up residence in 1968. It was now called the State Institute for the Blind and Partially Sighted.
In addition to the swimming bath, gymnasium, and organ house, courses and training in the growing EDP-technology were established. On the other hand, classically training such as basket- and brush makers disappeared.
In 1980, the special state welfare was laid out to the counties, and in connection with that the Institute came under the City of Copenhagen (Københavns Kommune). At the same time, the name was changed to the Institute for the Blind and Partially Sighted.
There are about 130 members of staff at IBOS divided into a long range of subject areas.
IBOS has social education workers, hearing-, motor function- and teachers in relaxation, occupational therapists, and ADL- and mobility instructors, music teacher and workshop managers, masseurs, teachers, it-instructors, psychologists, and a neuropsychologist, and psychiatrist, study guidance worker, and job advisers. In addition to that there are drivers, kitchen staff, who take care of food service for members of staff, participants in courses, residents, caretakers and accountancy.
They have all in common that they have specialized in working with blind and partially sighted people within their field, and that they work in cross-curricular teams where they share knowledge across subject areas.
Since 2009 IBOS has been working on implementing ICF in both way of thinking, working procedures and documentation. The ICF project ended in november 2012.
ICF stands for "International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health" and is a classification that are developed by WHO with a view to offering a reference scope about how to describe ability and disability.
IBOS is a national centre under the City of Copenhagen (Københavns Kommune).
The head of the Institute is Anne Kristine Grosbøll.
IBOS is divided into four departments:
Rådgivningen, head of the department, Marie Fasmer
Bo, Værksted & Samvær, head of the department, Jarle Jellestad
Administration & Service, head of the department, Simon Agerlin Lund
Stab, under Head of the Institute, Anne Kristine Grosbøll